According to World Health Association, up to 100% of people have carious teeth and up to 30% lose all their teeth by the age of 65-74 (fact sheet 318, 2012). What can you do if the tooth is too far gone and it is impossible to preserve it? You can get an answer to this question from prosthodontists.
Prosthodontics (dental prosthetics) is a branch of dentistry which enables to restore the lost tooth with the help of permanent structures (such as tooth crowns, overlays, veneers or dental bridges), removable dentures (removable partial dentures with various attachment systems – clasp dentures, bar-fixation dentures or telescopic over-dentures – and full dentures).
In our clinic patients are received by Dr I.V. Lyulina (Kiselyova) and Dr S.A. Semerikov, who have solid grounding in the sphere of dental prosthetics (crownwork, bridgework, removable dentures) both on dental implants and on genuine teeth.
What types of dentures do we use to treat tooth or denture defects?
Veneers are thin dental onlays made of aesthetic ceramics, which serve to improve the shape and/or colour of the tooth with the minimum preparation or without it.
Overlays are micro-prostheses which enable to restore tooth decay in an ultimately reliable and less traumatic way. Nowadays overlays are mostly produced with the help of digital technologies (CAD-CAM).
Tooth crowns are one of the most popular ways of restoring the shape, colour and function of one or several teeth. The most widely used ones are porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns and zirconium dioxide crowns; sometimes all porcelain crowns are used.
Implant supported crowns. The major principles of making crowns on genuine teeth and on dental implants are similar, but restoration on implants presupposes attaching a crown to a special base called abutment. Its shape, material and way of attachment to the implant affect the reliability of the restoration and the way it looks. That is why restoration on implants requires special skills of both the doctor and the dental technician.
Overdentures. If a number of teeth are missing, making permanent structures can be inappropriate or impossible as such structures overburden abutment teeth, don’t look good and render dental hygiene more difficult. In cases like this we can make overdentures both on dental implants and on genuine teeth.
Such dentures make dental hygiene easier, can restore the facial appearance more effectively and are much better resistant to mechanical damage or to the change in abutment teeth and/or implants.
Furthermore, the quality of attachment and the user’s experience is identical to those when using permanent structures.
Bar-fixation dentures are a special kind of removable dentures characterized by quite strong attachment and are comfortable to use. The firm attachment of the removable denture is achieved by means of special devices – fasteners, one element of which is rigidly connected to the abutment tooth or to the implant and the other element is in the removable part of the denture.
Clasp dentures are
reliable and less traumatic removable dentures, attached by means of special cast hooks, called denture clasps. As a rule, such dentures serve for a long time and can be repaired, but their attachment system is weaker than of the structures described above.
Full dentures are dentures used as temporary or permanent structures. They can be made of various polymer materials, including nylon (nylon dentures).
As a rule, with competent prosthetics, firm attachment can be achieved on the upper jaw, whereas the attachment to the lower jaw is less stable.
Anyway, the choice of the structure, temporary or permanent, is made after a consultation and a thorough examination.
Make an appointment and don’t be shy to ask any questions.